Cutting from a Carolingian liturgical book. Manuscript in Latin on parchment [northern France first half of the ninth century] Long and tall half strip with holes cut out of one side , shaped to be re-used to support attachment of a board to the spine of a book, with remains of 21 lines in a fine and rounded Carolingian minuscule with a strong st-ligature and pronounced fish-tailing to bottom of descenders of capitals 'P' and 'Q', 2 rubrics in faded terracotta red capitals from a binding and hence with small stains and spots and areas of damage at edges, but overall very legible and in clean and presentable condition 160 x 46mm. This is a fine example of Carolingian minuscule, the script created in the court of Charlemagne to impart simple beauty to books and allow ease of reading, and which would spread out in the late decades of the eight century and early decades of the ninth across Europe, sweeping away the cacophony of pre-existing local scripts. The text here includes extracts from Leviticus 26:12 and St. Paul's letter to the Romans Ch. 5.