1 Kings [1 Samuel] 1:23 - 2:8 Full leaf on vellum 28cm x 21cm. C9th, probably Germany, maybe Central Germany. Written in 3 different Carolingian minuscule hands (hand 1 the most rustic, and filling up all of recto and first 4 lines of verso, changing mid-word "formi-dabunt" to hand 2, who writes the next 4 lines in finest hand here, before hand 3 takes over for rest of verso), with a strong st-ligature and the et-ligature used integrally within words. This change of hands, and small number of lines written by the best hand here (hand 2) might suggest that this was the work of a number of scribal students and a guiding scribal master in a scriptorium, with the larger portions written by the students either side of the writing master's small contribution. It is not possible to know how much of the Bible text was completed in this way, but certainly it appears that the Bible text was used from which to copy. A burn hole to the centre with loss and a smaller hole with minimal loss. The verso is clear and very clean. The recto is slightly dusty with stains but still in good condition. The left-hand binding strip is still in tact with sewing holes. Some creasing to the lower right-hand corner but overall this is a pleasing leaf and early.